Contributed by: Javier Salazar
Stereotypes are part of human nature ... and this in spite of the fact that they are among the many root causes of social problems such as racism, discrimination, xenophobia and even wars. There is a vast body of research in social psychology that suggests that “cognitive biases” determine how we perceive others that are labeled as the “Other” due to their preferences, interests, affiliations, gender/sexual orientation, ethnicity or nationality. In this sense, although cognitive biases constitute an important mechanism for humans to make sense of their environment (and the people that inhabit it) they inevitably lead to the formation of stereotypes. Even more, these stereotypes tend to be largely unconscious; in the sense that humans are usually unaware of how their own biases shape their perceptions of the “Other”. When it comes to learning a foreign language (and ultimately communicating with the “Other” through it) stereotype awareness becomes an essential element of true intercultural communication. In this activity, student will be “tricked” into making explicit the stereotypes they may (or may not) have of people from other nationalities, as a means to eliciting stereotype awareness.
- to elicit awareness of the stereotypes students may have of people with other nationalities
Intermediate | CEFR B1 | IELTS 3.5-4.5 |TOEIC 500-700
Advanced-Intermediate | CEFR B2/C1 | IELTS 5.0-6.5 | TOEIC 700-900
Advanced | CEFR C1 / C2 | IELTS 7.0 + | TOEIC 900+
Estimated number of sessions:
(multiple ranges possible)
1 - 1.5 hours
1.5 - 2 hours
The options above suggestions. Teachers should adjust based on their own context.
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