Title: Critical Reflection in Developing Intercultural Competence

Pages: 54-69

Author(s): Thi Mai Do Thanh 

This article is open access and licensed under an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.


In enhancing intercultural attitudes, storytelling and critical reflection have been used as methods in teaching and learning intercultural communication. Storytelling and sharing act as non-threatening, holistic, and easily adaptive methods in different settings (Deardorff, 2020). This paper introduces a teaching method employed in intercultural communication lessons as a part of action research: storytelling with critical reflection based on the frameworks by Barrett et al. (2013) and Deardorff (2006, 2009, and 2020). Critical reflection is seen as a transformation in students’ growth in understanding self and relations to the world (Kuiper, 2017), the construction of 'self' and ‘others’ (McAllister et al., 2016), and sharing experiences and taking actions based on one’s experiences (Deardorff, 2009). As a result, the students’ stories were analyzed in terms of how they share their experiences, compare, and interpret cultural differences, and reflect on self and the other’s awareness. It was found that the method helps to raise learners’ awareness of cultural 'selfness' and ‘otherness,’ and to shift their attitudes towards more ethnorelative ones. 

異文化間の態度を促進するために、異文化間コミュニケーションを教育・学習する方法として、ストーリーテリングと批判的省察が用いられてきた。ストーリーテリングと分かち合いは、威嚇的でなく、全体的で、異なる文脈に容易に適応できる方法である(Deardorff,2020)。本稿では、異文化間コミュニケーションの授業におけるアクション・リサーチで用いられた教授法を紹介する: クリティカル・リフレクションを用いたストーリーテリングは、Barrett ら(2013)と Deardorff(2006、2009、2020)のフレームワークに基づいている。クリティカル・リフレクションとは、自己理解と世界との関係性の発展(Kuiper, 2017)、「自己」と「他者」の構築(McAllister et al. 学習者はストーリーの中で、自分の経験を共有し、文化の違いを比較・分析し、自分自身や他者への意識を振り返る。これは、学習者の文化的な「自己」と「他者」に対する意識を高め、より民族的なものへと態度を変化させるのに役立つ。

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Please cite this article as follows:

Thanh, T. M. D. (2023). Critical Reflection in Developing Intercultural Competence. In: J. Salazar & G. Benthien (Eds.), ICLE SIG 2nd Conference Peer-Reviewed Proceedings. (pp. 54-69) Retrieved from: https://jalticle.org/course/view.php?id=3 

Last modified: Thursday, 29 February 2024, 10:25 AM